Social support, mastery, job strains and distress
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Social support, mastery, job strains and distress perceptions of intensive care and non-intensive care nurses. by Alison Erica Macleod

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Published by National Library of Canada in Ottawa .
Written in English


Book details:

Edition Notes

Thesis (M.Sc.)--University of Toronto, 1993

SeriesCanadian theses = Thèses canadiennes
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Pagination2 microfiches : negative.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15085796M
ISBN 100315834846
OCLC/WorldCa31514751

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Results. Higher levels of well-being were predicted by high levels of confiding/emotional support (difference in mean from the reference group with low levels of confiding/emotional support = , 95%CI –, p trend job strain (, 95%CI –; reference high job Cited by: Job strain, low decision latitude, low social support, high psychological demands, effort-reward imbalance, and high job insecurity predicted common mental disorders despite the heterogeneity for. Findings suggest that physical exercise is a significant predictor of generalized distress independent of chronic strain, self-esteem and social support. However, mastery mediated the association.   Table 4 presents the percentage change in odds ratios for the unemployed and PTLFT, with the addition of the key variables: social support, mastery, and financial hardship. Social support emerged as a strong mediating variable, explaining 30% of the difference between the unemployed and employed individuals in the prevalence of poor mental health.

Laura Crowe, Peter Butterworth, The role of financial hardship, mastery and social support in the association between employment status and depression: results from an Australian longitudinal cohort study, BMJ Open, /bmjopen, 6, 5, (e), ().   Neither social support nor life events were significantly related to distress when mastery was considered. When this analysis was repeated, first adding the three support resource measures and then substituting these measures for the social support index, . The model suggests that financial strain will have direct effects on depressive symptoms but that social support, negative social interactions, and mastery will mediate these effects. Specifically, negative interactions are a type of stressor that will contribute to or exacerbate the effects of financial strain on depressive symptoms. When mastery was considered in regression analyses the modest correlations between ‘objective’ and ‘subjective’ family burden and distress scores disappeared. However, assessment of interactions indicated that strain is independently associated with distress among those subjects who scored relatively low on the mastery scale.

Data on specific job components (with maximum scores of 4) revealed these mean scores: Skills Discretion at , Control at , Job Demands at , and Social Support at Low strain jobs. (). An examination of the job demand-control-support model with various occupational strain indicators. Anxiety, Stress & Coping: Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. The Job Demand-Control-Support (JDC-S) and Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models dominate psychosocial work environment research and practice, with their independent and collective contributions to employee health having been extensively demonstrated. Psychosocial risk assessment in the humanitarian aid sector is in its infancy, and there is a need to identify appropriate psychosocial work. STRESS, COPING, AND SOCIAL SUPPORT 55 chronic unemployment or persistent job strains, while mental health outcomes are studied as consequences of a much wider array of chronic difficulties (e.g., marital, parental, occupational, financial). Thus, we know much .